Consumer lending startup UangTeman has raised US$12 million in equity and debt in its series A round, the startup told Tech in Asia.
The round was led by K2 Venture Capital, with participation from Silicon Valley VC Tim Draper. UangTeman says this is the Draper Associates early stage fund’s first direct investment into an Indonesian startup. The fund was announced last year. Draper is a partner in VC firm Wavemaker’s Southeast-Asia focused fund, which means he already has investments in the region, albeit indirectly.
The debt financing comes from STI Financial Group, a Hong Kong-based asset management company, and will allow UangTeman to grow its base of borrowers in Indonesia. The startup didn’t disclose how much of the total funds raised is in equity versus debt.
UangTeman co-founder and CEO Aidil Zulkifli says the new funds will also be used to invest in building its technology.
“We have collected quite a bit of data and are hiring more data scientists,” Zulkifli says. He plans to open R&D centers in Singapore and India. “It’s a question of talent pool. We don’t have masters or PhDs in machine learning or algorithm design here in Indonesia.”
UangTeman was launched in April 2015. It provides short term micro-loans of between US$75 and US$350 for a maximum of 30 days.
Borrowers apply by filling out a simple questionnaire, which asks them for personal data like a phone number and family status.
As of July, UangTeman has been giving out loans equivalent to about US$750,000 a month, Zulkifli says. Roughly two percent of borrowers default, which means they fail to repay their loans.
He considers UangTeman’s rate of defaults and late payments, which is at 5 percent, to be low and attributes that to its deep understanding of credit risk and effective collection methods.
The firm hires and trains debt collectors in-house, handling the majority of late payment cases this way. As a last resort, third-party debt collectors will be brought in. These are firms that also work with banks, says Zulkifli.
After two years of approving all loans manually, the startup now claims to have enough data to automate the system. It is present in 14 Indonesian cities.
In UangTeman’s lending model, the platform bears the first risk. This means lenders get their money back even if borrowers pay late or not at all.
This sets it apart from competitors who employ what Zulkifli calls a pass-through platform. “The lender lends to a borrower. If the borrower defaults, the lender suffers the loss.” He says startups like Modalku, Investree, and Crowdo, who are active in Indonesia, work this way.
Bearing first risk is possible because UangTeman collects fairly high interest and late fees, a practice it’s been criticized for in the past.
However, the model results in better margins and thus a quicker path to profitability, Zulkifli says, which has been an advantage for fundraising.
Waiting for a tipping point
Its head start in localization gives the firm an edge over competitors from abroad, Zulkifli claims. “In my view, you can’t export 100 percent of what happens in China here.”
Indonesia’s startup ecosystem has seen an influx of Chinese investments, and the financial services sector is no exception. The joint venture between Alibaba’s Ant Financial and local media conglomerate Emtek is one example.
What’s missing in Indonesia for online lending to really take off is a connection with a platform that has a broad reach, the way it works in China with the likes of Tencent and Alibaba, Zulkifli argues.
“To be plugged into an ecosystem is something I’m keen to explore,” Zulkifli says. He points out ride-hailing and on-demand services firm Go-Jek as a possible local candidate for such a collaboration. “Right now, I think we have a bit of resistance from banks, also some regulators aren’t sure how to approach this idea of sharing data, especially financial data.”
Indonesia last year begun laying down rules to manage the growth of the mushrooming digital lending space.
UangTeman raised its pre-series A round last year and was supported by Jakarta-based venture capital firm Alpha JWC Ventures in its seed round.
We have reached out to Modalku, Investree, and Crowdo for comment.
Converted from Indonesian Rupiah. Rate: US$1 = IDR 13.322.
This post Draper Associates placed first bet in Indonesia, participating in $12m round for UangTeman appeared first on Tech in Asia.